surgical technology

Surgical Technology personnel, including the surgeon(s), anaesthetic scientist, and circulating nurse, are surgical technologists. Unless forbidden by State or hospital legislation, surgical technicians operate under the delegation of power and supervision of the surgeon.

Surgical technicians play the primary function of scrub. They assist prepare the operating room before operations by putting up sterile operating tools, equipment and supplies such as cloths, gowns, gloves, suction tubing, solutions and medicines received from the circulator. Surgical technicians install sterile equipment, verify to ensure that everything works correctly, and modify as appropriate.

They help the doctor to put on his cloth and guancy and help the doctor to place the sterile clothes on the patient in order to establish the sterile field.

During the operation the operating technologist is responsible for anticipating the needs of the surgeon by providing the necessary instruments, like sponges, sponge counts, sharps and instruments, providing the surgeon with solutions and medicines, receiving the tissue specimens which are to be passed on to the circulator and ensuring no breaks of the steriles

Surgical technologists may perform the job of assistant circulators depending on state legislation and/or hospital policy. In this job, a technician helps to transfer patients to the operating chamber, aids in placing the patient on the operating table by preparing the skin of the incision chamber for surgery (s). During this procedure the surgical technologist helps obtain additional supplies needed by the first scrub operating technologist, such as sponges or sutures; helps with counts; replaces complete suction cans; provides sterile dressing at the end of the process and assists in transporting the patient to the recovery room from the operating room table.



While many surgical technicians work in general surgery or in a range of fields, others choose to specialise in particular surgical specialties. Some of the most frequent fields of specialty surgery include:

  • Cardiology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Transplantation of the organ
  • Pediatric orthopaedic surgery
  • Plastic Operation

What Does A Surgical Technology Do?

Surgical technicians, also referred to as operating room technicians, work with surgeons, nurses and other members of the health care team throughout the whole procedure. The job of the surgical technologist is very essential since it ensures an orderly and sanitary environment.

Practice scope

Surgical technicians work alongside surgeons, anesthesiologists and nurses in the operating room. Their common responsibilities and obligations may be divided into three phases: before surgery (preoperatively), during surgery (intraoperatively), and after surgery (postoperative).

Prior to the operation, sterilisation and preparation are the focus of surgical technologists. Including:

  • Equipment sterilisation and operating room
  • Help the patient prepare for surgery
  • Collection, numbering and arrangement of surgical equipment and instruments necessary throughout the procedure
  • Patients must prepare for the surgery

Operational technicians also have a range of essential tasks throughout the operation:

  • Maintain the sterilised operating room
  • the transfer of surgical instruments to the surgeon and his helper
  • Help to withdraw tissues from the operative patient

Following the operation, surgical technicians help finalise the process and are responsible for:

  • All tools and equipment used during the operation are counted
  • Apply dressings to operating areas
  • Removal of needles and gauze
  • Keep the operating room’s sterile atmosphere until the patient is taken to the recovery room

Information Degree

The Surgical Technology Program of Lackawant to College is intended to run over a two-year period, including day, evening, Saturday and on- and off-campus clinical hours. Each programme also includes summer coursework and clinical laboratory hours.

The Surgical Technology Program at Lackawant to College is based on a rigorous admission procedure with a maximum of 20 students chosen yearly.

Surgical technologists are allied healthcare practitioners that are an important component of the surgical care practitioners. The surgical technicians operate under physician supervision to make invasive surgical operations safer and effective, ensuring a safe operating room, the correct functioning of equipment and the surgical process are done under circumstances that optimise patient safety. Surgical technologists have competence in theory and application of steril and aseptic technology and integrate the human anatomy, pathology, surgical processes and equipment and technology in order to make invasive therapeutic and diagnostic operations easier for a surgeon.

Read More: Important Of Human Resource Management(HRM)

Working Conditions

Operational technologists in clean, light-filled, cool surroundings are not in the operation room. In the operating room, however, sterile robes and gloves may warm up under the surgical lights. Technologists and other surgical team members must be attentive for extended periods of time during surgeries. They are sometimes exposed to infectious illnesses and unpleasant vision, smells and materials.

The surgical technologist may need to “pull” emergency calls with other surgical team members. In an emergency such as a vehicle accident or a pregnant woman who requires a caesarean section, team members on call must arrive regardless of day and night time.

Working Environment

In hospital operating rooms, ambulatory centres and physicians’ offices surgical technicians work. They spend a large part of their working day in the surgery room, prepare, help and clean up after the operations. It may become quite warm under operating lights in the operating room, particularly with sterile chirurgical robes and gloves. The surgical technician has to stay attentive and ready for anything throughout operations for a long time.

Surgical technicians usually work full-time, including weekends, evenings, holidays and on-call employment.

Requirements For Higher Education

Surgical technicians may be trained at the community college, vocational school, university, hospital or military. A certificate programme including specific education and training is needed to become a surgical technician.

Surgical technology training may be up to 12 months for a certificate or 2 years for a combined degree with specialised training. A secondary school diploma and preparatory studies like anatomy and physiology, medical terminology and microbiology are typical entry prerequisites.

ARC/STSA Annual Report 2019- 2022 Surgical Technology Program

  • The programme will accommodate 20 students per academic year from autumn.
  • The certified retention level is 60%. The retention of the programme for 2019-2022 was 85%.
  • The accredited CST Exam programme participation percentage is 100%. The 2019-2022 programme participation rate was 100%.
  • The pass rate certification requirement for the CST Exam is 70%. The pass rate for CST 2019-2022 was 76 percent.
  • The accredited criterion for graduates is 80 percent. The graduate placement for 2019-2022 was 82 percent.
  • For 2019-2022, employer satisfaction was 100%.



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